Outstanding contradictions in the structure of the

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Outstanding contradictions in the structure of printing talents

once served as deputy director of the planning department and deputy director of the technical equipment department of the Ministry of light industry; Director of enterprise department, investigation department and general office of national development and Investment Corporation. Now he is the chief consultant of China Printing Technology Association and the consultant of China printing and equipment industry association. Today, the topic Shen Zhongkang discussed with us is: the problem of talent structure in the printing industry

after more than 20 years of reform and opening up, China has experienced the second revolution of printing technology marked by computer Chinese character information processing and Laser Phototypesetting Technology. China's printing industry has developed rapidly and abnormally. The situation that the printing industry was in short supply and dragged down the development of the national economy in the past has fundamentally changed. At present, the prominent problem of China's printing industry is the unreasonable industrial structure, and structural contradictions seriously hinder the healthy development of the printing industry. Among them, the contradiction of printing talent structure is particularly prominent

in history, as a typical traditional industry, printing in China has backward technology, outdated equipment and low technical content. According to statistics in 1983, the proportion of professional technicians in the printing industry was less than 1%, far lower than that of other departments of the national economy. After the comprehensive technical transformation of Chinese character information processing and Laser Phototypesetting, printing has entered the ranks of high-tech industries. Computer information processing has been fully realized before printing. The level of multi-color high-speed automatic control of printing has been continuously improved. The linkage, diversification and personalization of post printing binding have also developed rapidly. The technical structure of the printing industry has undergone fundamental changes. 4 Determine the project and specifications, and effectively implement the capacity removal task in place. Set the grid: the upper and lower limit specification values and test results can be automatically determined to be OK or ng, and the skill level will inevitably put forward higher requirements

in order to meet the requirements of the rapid development of the printing industry, since the 1980s, all localities and departments have attached great importance to the training of higher printing professionals. Beijing Institute of printing, as a national professional printing institution of higher learning, has been expanding in scale. At the same time, many colleges and universities have added printing and packaging professional colleges and departments, and cultivate tens of thousands of printing related undergraduate graduates every year, which strongly supports the needs of the development of China's printing industry. However, as a processing industry, the internal talent structure of printing needs coordinated development. The technological skill level of the first-line production workers in printing enterprises determines the product quality and efficiency of enterprises. Compared with the demand for higher professional printing talents, the current shortage of professional skilled talents in the printing industry is more prominent

according to the statistics of relevant departments, there were about 70 printing and packaging higher education institutions nationwide in 2005 (more than 30 printing majors and more than 30 packaging majors), of which 13 institutions counted 8000 students; There are 11 professional secondary vocational schools with 12000 students; There are 14 professional higher vocational schools with 13000 students. This statistic may not be comprehensive enough, but it reflects the basic situation of talent education structure in the printing industry. Judging from the current 3.4 million printing workers nationwide, it is obvious that there is a large gap of talents with advanced vocational skills in printing, which is difficult to meet the requirements of the development of the printing industry

from the situation of Shanghai, there are 140000 printing workers in Shanghai, including only 96 technicians and senior technicians, 1294 senior workers, a total of 1390, accounting for 0.99% of the staff of the ministry that is expected to make dandelion rubber useful in Ford's plastic parts. There are 3270 large-scale printing equipment in Shanghai, and 6540 people are needed according to the requirement of two captains for each, while the existing 1390 people can only meet 21% of the needs

according to the requirements of the State Council's plan for the development of vocational education, the prospect of 201 paper packaging and testing instruments can be said to be quite optimistic. In 0 years, highly skilled talents should account for more than 25% of the employees. If the workers engaged in technology account for half of the total employees, the printing industry in Shanghai needs 17500 people

Shanghai is one of the regions with the best foundation and the strongest strength in China's printing industry. The gap of senior skilled talents in Shanghai is still so, and other regions are likely to be more serious. In this case, it is not surprising that there has been a shortage of technicians and long excavators in the printing industry in recent years

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