The hottest internal combustion engine industry fe

2022-08-13
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The internal combustion engine industry fell slightly last year and may rise this year

the internal combustion engine industry fell slightly last year and may rise this year

China Construction machinery information

in the past year, the internal combustion engine industry has been in small fluctuations. Throughout the year, affected by the downward pressure of the overall economy, although the industry fell slightly, it still maintained a relatively healthy development trend, and the internal combustion engine industry may rise this year. In particular, the introduction of the 13th five year plan has brought more directions to the development of the internal combustion engine industry

revenue decline

according to the National Bureau of Statistics' December 2015 express report on major economic indicators of 644 Enterprises above Designated Size in the national internal combustion engine industry, from January to December 2015, except for the increase in total assets, current assets, accounts receivable, inventories and finished products, and total liabilities, other major financial indicators declined to varying degrees. The details are as follows:

the main business income decreased slightly. From January to December 2015, enterprises above Designated Size in the domestic internal combustion engine industry achieved a cumulative main business income of 229.174 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 3.3%. The latter is expensive and cumbersome by 1%, with a decrease of 7.853 billion yuan

from the perspective of the main business income achieved by different holding enterprises of Enterprises above Designated Size in the national internal combustion engine industry, from January to December 2015, the main business income of collective holding enterprises and private holding enterprises was higher than that of the same period in 2014, with a year-on-year increase of 1.16% and 7.04% respectively; The main business income of state-owned holding enterprises, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan business holding enterprises, foreign holding enterprises and other holding enterprises was lower than the same period in 2014, with a year-on-year decrease of 17.98%, 22.41%, 8.54% and 4.04% respectively

the total profit decreased significantly. From January to December 2015, enterprises above Designated Size in the domestic internal combustion engine industry achieved a total profit of 17.485 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 9.54% and a decrease of 1.844 billion yuan

from the perspective of the profits realized by different holding enterprises of Enterprises above Designated Size in the national internal combustion engine industry, from January to December 2015, the total profits of private holding enterprises and other holding enterprises were higher than the same period in 2014, with year-on-year growth of 5.46% and 35.91% respectively; The total profits of state-owned holding enterprises, collectively held enterprises, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan business holding enterprises and foreign-funded holding enterprises were lower than the same period in 2014, with year-on-year decreases of 33.49%, 7.79%, 13.88% and 3.21% respectively

the capital occupied by accounts receivable increased slightly. By the end of December 2015, the accounts receivable of Enterprises above Designated Size in the domestic internal combustion engine industry were 32.2 billion yuan, an increase of 9.50% year-on-year, and an increase of 2.794 billion yuan in capital occupation year-on-year. The capital occupied by inventory increased slightly. At the end of December 2015, the inventory capital of Enterprises above Designated Size in the domestic internal combustion engine industry was 29.693 billion yuan, an increase of 3.12% year-on-year. Accounts receivable and inventory are still growing, which shows that the pressure of destocking in the internal combustion engine industry market is still severe, and the problem of overcapacity still needs to be solved urgently

in terms of import and export, according to the statistics of China internal combustion engine industry association, the total export amount of the internal combustion engine industry in December 2015 was $1.295 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 7.63%; The cumulative export amount of the whole year was US $14.084 billion, followed by a year-on-year decrease of 3.70%. In December, the total import amount of the internal combustion engine industry was 929 million US dollars, a year-on-year decrease of 9.49%; The cumulative import amount of the whole year was US $9.899 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 18.19%. The decline of both imports and exports shows that the domestic and foreign market demand is not strong, which intensifies the inventory pressure of enterprises in the industry. Expanding demand and stimulating market vitality is the top priority of the industry

clear planning

recently, the "13th five year plan for the development of China's internal combustion engine industry" drafted by the China internal combustion engine industry association has been completed. According to the plan, "the 13th five year plan" is the first step for internal combustion engines to become powerful; At the same time, during the 13th five year plan, the whole industry will adhere to the innovation drive, establish a "leader" incentive mechanism, and improve the comprehensive competitive strength of the whole industry

it is reported that internal combustion engines consume two-thirds of the world's oil resources and are the main source of air pollution and greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. To this end, the plan (Draft for comments) mentioned, "internal combustion engine is the product with the most potential and the most intuitive effect to achieve energy conservation and emission reduction at present and in the future, and its position as the mainstream power machinery will not be shaken for a long time. To achieve the overall goal of peaking China's carbon dioxide emissions in 2030 and will strive to reach the peak as soon as possible, the task of energy conservation and emission reduction in the internal combustion engine industry is arduous and significant."

according to the China internal combustion engine industry association, "In order to comply with the advocacy of an environment-friendly society, we should accelerate the realization of advanced manufacturing of internal combustion engines, comprehensively consider environmental impacts and resource use efficiency, comprehensively improve the level of clean and efficient processing technology, promote intelligent production, and achieve green production. We should promote special lubricants and unconventional emission post-treatment technologies suitable for alternative fuel internal combustion engines, and carry out research on new alternative fuel combustion technologies. We should deepen alternative fuel engines and existing engines Machine manufacturing system compatible. "

for a long time, China's internal combustion engine industry has relied heavily on foreign countries for manufacturing, testing and other testing technologies and testing equipment. The vast majority of key testing equipment and instruments need to be imported, which has seriously hindered the improvement of independent innovation ability and the development of new products

the plan (Draft for comments) makes it clear that the "13th five year plan" industry should be comprehensively upgraded. We will continue to consolidate the position of being a major manufacturer of internal combustion engines, realize the intellectualization of product manufacturing, promote the improvement of information technology in the industry, shorten the gap with the international advanced level in core technology, key basic parts, advanced manufacturing technology and the application of new materials, and effectively improve product quality and production consistency, so as to take the first step of the medium and long-term strategy for the development of China's internal combustion engine industry

at the same time, during the "13th five year plan", the whole industry adheres to the innovation drive, establishes the "leader" incentive mechanism, speeds up the adjustment of industrial structure, establishes a number of advantageous enterprises, and improves the comprehensive competitive strength of the whole industry. Promote the industry to achieve the improvement of product quality, promote enterprises to explore the international market, and strive to build China into a powerful internal combustion engine manufacturing country by 2030. Master the core manufacturing technology and key process technology, build three to five common basic technology platforms, and promote the research and development of advanced technologies for energy conservation and emission reduction of internal combustion engines and the transformation of scientific and technological achievements. Comprehensively implement intelligent transformation and complete the construction of green manufacturing system

development highlights

the two documents made in China 2025 and the opinions of the State Council on strengthening energy conservation and emission reduction in the internal combustion engine industry issued by the State Council put forward clear development strategies and objectives for energy conservation and emission reduction in China's internal combustion engine industry. Experts from the China internal combustion engine industry association analyzed and summarized the development ideas of China's internal combustion engine under the 13th five year plan and the following five highlights

highlight 1: emphasize innovation and technology

under the 13th five year plan, the development of internal combustion engines should take the market as the guide, take energy conservation and emission reduction as the goal, adhere to innovation driven, speed up the adjustment of industrial structure, and improve the comprehensive competitive strength of the whole industry. Xing min, executive director, vice president and Secretary General of China internal combustion engine industry association, said, "In the next five years, the internal combustion engine industry should combine government, industry, University, research and application, master core manufacturing technologies and key processes, and promote the research and development of advanced technologies for energy conservation and emission reduction of internal combustion engines and the transformation of scientific and technological achievements. The industrial structure should also be tilted to technology, and a long-term mechanism should be established to support the technological transformation of enterprises. For internal combustion engine enterprises, they should strengthen the construction of quality brands, constantly improve their own research and development capabilities, and form independent knowledge China creates brand products with intellectual property rights "

highlight 2: advocating green production

higher and higher emission standards not only put forward new environmental requirements for vehicle manufacturers, but also for the production of internal combustion engines. As the power source of vehicles, the green manufacturing of internal combustion engines has become the top priority. In this regard, Li Dongru, Deputy Secretary General of the China Machinery Industry Federation, said, "The future development should focus on green design technology, cleaner production technology, resource recycling technology and energy conservation, emission reduction and noise reduction technology. Green manufacturing is the driving force of technological innovation. The concept of 'resource efficiency' to achieve the highest value-added output with the least resource input has better realized the integration of 'green' and 'profit', and also meets the needs of enterprises". Promote special lubricating oil and unconventional emission post-treatment technology suitable for alternative fuel internal combustion engines in the industry, and carry out research on new alternative fuel combustion technology. Deepen the compatibility between alternative fuel engines and the existing engine manufacturing system "

highlight 3: emphasis on remanufacture

the development process of industrial product remanufacture in China is relatively short, and the scale of remanufacture enterprises is not very large, but the remanufacture of internal combustion engine started relatively early, and the enterprise has begun to take shape at present. In this regard, Ge Hong, Deputy Secretary General of the China internal combustion engine industry association, said, "We should take the scientific concept of development as the guidance, and give full play to the role of government guidance, association leadership, and enterprise promotion in accordance with the requirements of building a 'two oriented' society. Through the implementation of key projects of internal combustion engine remanufacture, we should improve the level of internal combustion engine remanufacture technology and equipment and industrialization capacity, accelerate the large-scale, standardized, and market-oriented development of internal combustion engine in the manufacturing industry, improve the market share of internal combustion engine in the manufacturing industry, and improve internal combustion engine for an early date Constitute the production and marketing capacity, the remanufacturing level and international competitiveness of the machine industry, and promote the healthy and sustainable development of the industry. "

highlight 4: strengthen industry supervision

in terms of relevant measures for internal combustion engines, the government first comprehensively organized the implementation of the industrial specifications for China's internal combustion engine industry, strictly controlled energy conservation, environmental protection, quality and safety, promoted the improvement of the technical level of the internal combustion engine industry, and restrained the expansion of backward production capacity. Later, the announcement management measures for fuel consumption rate of internal combustion engine products was issued and implemented, aiming at improving the thermal efficiency of internal combustion engine products and reducing carbon dioxide emissions, encouraging and guiding manufacturing enterprises to accelerate the promotion and application of energy-saving and emission reduction technologies and new products of internal combustion engines. Xing Min said that in the future, the channels of national science and technology plans (special projects, funds, etc.) and related projects will be launched to increase investment in the research and development of energy-saving and emission reduction technologies for internal combustion engines. We will promote the construction of an innovation system for government, industry, University, research and application. And establish the communication, coordination and service mechanism of the internal combustion engine industry, improve the standard system, and strengthen the self-discipline, supervision and management of the industry

highlight 5: promote international development

with the rapid development of economic globalization, the internal combustion engine industry can not be built behind closed doors. The industrial revolution in European and American countries is early, and they have a leading position in machinery manufacturing. In this regard, Xing Min said, "we should implement a positive opening strategy, combine bringing in and going out, promote the international layout of internal combustion engine enterprises, and expand new development areas and space. In addition, we should also improve the construction of networking service system. By means of Internet management, we should establish a reasonably laid out, fast and efficient service network, and promote the in-depth application of enterprise informatization in the service system"

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